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Canang Sari

Bali is known as “The Island of the Gods,” and each of the gods must be paid due attention through regular ceremonies, prayers and daily rituals, including the careful distribution of canang sari (offerings). 

Pak Mangku (whose given name is Nyoman) is Katamama’s pemangku (priest), entrusted with the spiritual well-being of Katamama’s environment and the people within it, a crucial role. 

Every morning Pak Mangku and his daughter Dewi wake up early to make beautiful and fragrant canang sari (offerings) to place at each of Katamama’s three temples.


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Across the island – in temples, outside shops, in doorways, on the dashboards of cars – the Balinese place these aromatic, all-natural baskets as a sign of gratitude to Sang Hyang Widhi Wasa, the supreme God of Balinese Hinduism.

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The making of these offerings is a craft in itself and the time spent represents the Balinese people’s self sacrifice to their gods. Each little basket is folded by hand using strips of coconut palm leaves before being filled with betel nut leaves, sugar cane, sliced banana, rice, sweet-smelling pandan leaves, lime and adorned with indigenous flowers of many hues. If you pay close attention, you will see that each little cradle is topped with different gifts. Along with a burning incense stick, cigarettes, sachets of coffee, rice crackers, biscuits, coins and sometimes even a spare gorengan (piece of deep-fried tofu or tempeh) complete the charming little tokens.

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Derived from the ancient Kawi language of Java, Bali and Lombok, the word “canang” comes from “ca” meaning beautiful, and “nang,” meaning purpose, and with flowers of four different colours to represent specific Hindu Gods, they are a fitting tribute to their name.

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In fact, the Balinese utilise components of the canang sari during worship. A temple visit typically includes five prayers, sometimes with empty clasped hands, other times grasping a single or a selection of different coloured flowers between the fingertips, with each symbolic gesture a sign of recognition and thankfulness to a specific Hindu deity. The final step involves the ceremonial sprinkling of holy water and application of a few grains of rice onto the forehead, the location of the third eye chakra.

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Beautiful to behold, carefully put together, and alluring to smell, Bali’s canang sari are like mini hampers to their Gods, emanating that sweet, lingering smell that instantly recalls Bali.

Take heed:

If you see canang sari on the ground when you are walking on the street, carefully step around it. It is regarded as disrespectful to the Balinese culture and religion to trample on them or even step over one, especially if the incense is still burning.

At Katamama, we offer our guests the opportunity to experience a Balinese blessing led by Pak Mangku at the hotel temple. Book a place with one of our cultural concierges, Gina or Carina.